Ashurbanipal

King of Assyria. 669-627 BC.
    Esarhaddon, king of *Assyria (681-669 BC), pursued the policy of his father *Sennacherib, expanding and subjugating peoples even more vigorously. When *Esarhaddon became ill and died at Harran, his successor Ashurbanipal inherited the Egyptian problem.
    The Egyptian king *Taharka had regained possession of his northern centre, the city of Memphis, but was once again expelled, this time by Ashurbanipal in his first campaign (667 BC). Ashurbanipal also replaced petty princes and governors in Egyptian towns since those whom *Esarhaddon had installed had now fled, and he left them to exert influence on his behalf while he was absent.
    Taharka's successor Tanuatamun, (another king in the Ethiopian line of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty), now re-occupied Memphis, but Ashurbanipal, returning from Nineveh and re-entering Egypt, drove Tanuatamun from Thebes back to Napata, where he eventually died. Ashurbanipal recorded that he conquered Thebes, ransacking the Temple of Amun at Karnak and carrying away to Nineveh a massive amount of booty. According to an account written in cuneiform on the Rassam cylinder, Ashurbanipal enjoyed a complete victory but the Egyptian version, inscribed on the Dream Stela at Gebel Barkal, records that Tanuatamun was successful.
    Assyria's days as a great power were numbered; with a Scythian invasion and the growth of the new empire of the Medes in north-western Iran, Assyria faced constant threats. In 626 BC (a year after Ashurbanipal's death), the *Assyrian power was finally crushed by the Babylonians under their ruler, *Nabopolassar.
BIBL. Winton Thomas, D. (Ed.) Documents from Old Testament times. London: 1958; Von Zeissl, H. Athiopen und Assyrer in Agypten. Gluckstadt: 1944.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ashurbanipal — King of Assyria Ashurbanipal on a chariot during a royal lion hunt. Reign 668 – c. 627 BC Akkadian …   Wikipedia

  • Ashurbanipal — [ä΄shoor bän′i päl΄] died 626? B.C.; king of Assyria (668? 626?) …   English World dictionary

  • Ashurbanipal — /ah shoor bah nee pahl /, n. died 626? B.C., king of Assyria 668? 626? B.C. Also, Assurbanipal. * * * flourished 7th century BC Last great Assyrian king (r. 668–627 BC). He was appointed crown prince of Assyria in 672 BC; his half brother was… …   Universalium

  • ASHURBANIPAL — (ASHUR BAN APLI in assyrian; reigned 668–627? B.C.)    King of Assyria, son and successor of Esarhaddon. Despite rich and diverse historical sources, it is impossible to establish a generally acceptable chronology of Ashurbanipal’s reign. In… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Ashurbanipal — (reigned ca. 668 627 b.c.)    The last powerful and important king of Assyria. Ashurbanipal succeeded his father, Esarhaddon, on the Assyrian throne. After Esarhaddon died while campaigning in Egypt, the new king proceeded to consolidate Assyria… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Ashurbanipal — also Assurbanipal or Asurbanipal biographical name king of Assyria (668 627 B.C.) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ashurbanipal — A•shur•ba•ni•pal [[t]ˌɑ ʃʊərˈbɑ niˌpɑl[/t]] also Assurbanipal n. anh big died 626? b.c., king of Assyria 668?–626? b.c …   From formal English to slang

  • Ashurbanipal — /æʃʊəˈbanəpæl/ (say ashoouh bahnuhpal) noun died 626? BC, king of Assyria 668?–626?; collected an enormous library of cuneiform literature at Nineveh. Greek name, Sardanapalus …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ashurbanipal — noun king of Assyria who built a magnificent palace and library at Nineveh (668 627 BC) • Syn: ↑Assurbanipal, ↑Asurbanipal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex …   Useful english dictionary

  • Library of Ashurbanipal — Infobox Library library name = Library of Ashurbanipal library caption = location = Nineveh, capital of Assyria coordinates = established = 7th century BC num branches = collection size = over 20,000 cuneiform tablets… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.